6.03 - Zoonotic diseases of cattle
This table list outlines diseases that infect cattle and can also infect people.
|Disease||How it spreads||Common signs in people|
|Leptospirosis||Urine contamination with skin or mucosal surface||Headache, chills, fever, muscle pain malaise, inflamed throat/pharynx|
|Q fever||Inhalation of aerosols and dust||Headache, chills, fever, muscle pain malaise, coughing, vomiting|
|Campylobacteriosis||Ingestion of contaminated food or water||Severe diarrhoea, pain, fever, headache, nausea|
|Milkers nodule||Handling teats of cows or mouths of calves||Initially dark papule that heals spontaneously|
|Brucellosis||From aborted foetus, faeces, raw flesh or bacteria in unpasteurised dairy products penetrates skin conjunctiva respiratory or gut Initially dark papule that heals spontaneously||One case in Victoria in 2001; undulant fever aches, pains|
|Tuberculosis||Eradicated from Australia||Chronic cough, fever, weight loss|
|Cryptosporidiosis||Faeco–oral route||Mild watery diarrhoea|
|Yersiniosis||Faeco–oral route||Acute watery diarrhoea, fever, headache|
|Salmonella||Faeco–oral route||Acute watery/blood flecks diarrhoea, fever, headache|
|Listeriosis||Foodborne disease, especially chilled foods||Transient mild flu-like to acute eningoencephalitis with case fatality rate of 30%, foetal infection can lead to abortion|
|Ringworm||Direct contact with skin or from cattle handling equipment||Dry, reddened skin, hair loss, inflamed skin|
|Anthrax||Respiratory, ingestion or local through break in skin||Respiratory or gastrointestinal forms has a very high mortality rate as does local skin infection if left untreated|
Seek immediate medical advice with all diseases or suspected disease outbreaks.