Tetanus (clostridial disease)
Conditions when likely to occur:
Penetrating wound including marking wounds
Convulsions initially stimulated by sound or touch and gradually progress in severity.
Management strategy to prevent disease:
Clostridial vaccines prevent mortality against black leg, black disease, tetanus, pulpy kidney and malignant oedema.
For maximum protection of young calves:
- Vaccinate cow 2–6 weeks before calving.
For protection of calves from unvaccinated cows:
- Vaccinate early and a booster 4–8 weeks later.
For protection of calves from vaccinated cows:
- Vaccinate calves at 6–8 months and booster 4–8 weeks later.
- Annual booster timed before high-risk period or more frequently in high-risk situation, such as grain feeding in drought.
Implement vaccination procedures as for normal stock. If history of vaccination known, implement herd program. If vaccination history not known, give a sensitising dose then booster 4-8 weeks later.
More information on clostridial diseases including causes, prevention and treatment can be found on the primefacts factsheet provided by the NSW Department of Primary Industries.